Geographically one of the best and interesting National Parks in all United States is Hawaii national park. It is such a place where you can witness the wonder of the wonder of nature come into action. Hawaii volcanoes national park is situated in the US state of Hawaii on the Hawaii Island established in the year 1916. Check out the landscape change in front of your eyes at Hawaii volcanoes national park. It contains two most active volcanoes in the world. It is Mauna Loa and Kilauea. Mauna Loa is 4170 m high while Kilauea is 1250 m high. There are lava flows which reveal surprising geological formations and this is the reason why people are attracted to see Hawaii volcanoes. Extremely rare birds and rife species can be found over there along with giant ferns.
It is a sacred place for Hawaiians and a source of attraction for the visitors to see the process of creation and destruction. The park constitutes 33000 acres from the summit of Mauna Loa to the sea. You have varied exciting activities to do such as hiking. There is 150 miles of hiking trails through volcanic craters, petroglyphs, walk in lava tubes, museums, scalded deserts and rainforests. It is so popular that UNESCO named it a world biosphere site in 1980 and in 1987 this Hawaii volcanoes national park was honored as world heritage site.
Kilauea is considered as the world’s only drive in volcano. This volcano has currently capacitates to produce 250000 to 650000 cubic yards of lava per day which is able to resurface the 20 mile long road daily. Due to this much lava, 491 acres of new land has been developed on the Hawaii island. It is believed that the goddess of lava Pele resides here. The scene to see the blistering lava flows meeting the sea is really phenomenal.
Volcano Mauna Loa when measured from the ocean floor is known to be the greatest volcanic mass on the whole earth. A high diversity of plants is also seen here along with featuring life form and physiognomic differences. There are in all 23 different vegetation types described for the park. There are 5 different eco system in this national park starting from submontane seasonal and coastal lowlands, montane rainforest, montane seasonal and subalpine. There are 41 rare flora species and are native to the place and this is a striking feature for grabbing the special attention of the visitors. The Hawaii volcanoes national park is very rich in sense of archeological remains such as native villages, paved trails, temples, shelter caves and agricultural areas. Similar to natural areas of Hawaii, the park has certain biological changes since the man’s arrival. The changes were made to grow sugar and pineapple and the local forest were removed directly or altered for this purpose. The native of the forest habitants has been troubled due to these changes. Introduction of new species has also taken place such as pig goat and mongoose. The species which are locally and wide spreaded available there are Hawaiian hoary bats.